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2.1.5 What is passive rabies surveillance?

Passive rabies surveillance may be as simple (and highly limited) as the number of suspect human cases in a country per year based upon some basic clinical criteria alone, or may involve samples being submitted to a laboratory for diagnostic testing. Passive surveillance implies detection without actively searching for a disease. For example, potential rabies exposures that come to the attention of health officials by virtue of a person who reports being a victim of a dog bite may be considered one form of passive surveillance. Passive surveillance may be adequate to protect public health depending on infrastructure and available expertise and biologics. However, passive surveillance does not allow delineating the spatio-temporal distribution of the disease in reservoir species.


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[en]Version 1 Last updated December 2014[fr]Première version, dernière mise à jour Juin 2015