1.3 What is the difference between surveillance and monitoring?

The aim of surveillance is to demonstrate the absence of disease or to identify its presence or distribution to allow for timely dissemination of information for integrated action among different sectors. Monitoring [read more here] is distinct from surveillance and involves the intermittent performance and analysis of routine measurements (e.g., rabies virus seroprevalence) and observations to detect changes in the environment or health status of a population, but without eliciting a response.

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[en]Version 1 Last updated December 2014[fr]Première version, dernière mise à jour Juin 2015