2.1.10 What other sources of epidemiological information are available?

An accurate estimation of rabies incidence requires laboratory confirmation of cases. However, in most countries were rabies is widespread capacity for the collection of samples and diagnosis of cases is very limited. As a result, official laboratory-confirmed cases provide a poor representation of the true rabies incidence. While efforts should be made to establish efficient pipelines for the collection and dispatch of diagnostic material to laboratories and to strengthen infrastructure for correctly diagnosing rabies, other possible sources of incidence data should not be discarded, especially if associated with detailed information on the circumstances of the bite, clinical manifestation of the biting animals / bite victims. Such sources of data may include cases diagnosed on the basis of clinical suspicion available through medical and veterinary offices, and medical records of animal-bite injuries from suspect rabid animals, which can also provide information on human exposures and post-exposure prophylaxis usage.

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[en]Version 1 Last updated December 2014[fr]Première version, dernière mise à jour Juin 2015