2.2.3 What else do I need to keep in mind for human rabies surveillance?

Humans can only get infected with rabies in areas where either dog- or wildlife (including bat)-mediated rabies is endemic. However, the domestic dog lives in close association with humans worldwide and consequently the risk of humans contracting rabies is highest in regions with dog-mediated rabies. Low awareness and vigilance among the public, poor medical and veterinary infrastructure, and inadequate training of medical and veterinary staff often exacerbate the situation in developing areas of the world. Animal-bite injuries and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) statistics may be a valuable additional indicator to tailor human rabies surveillance (see section 5.9.).

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[en]Version 1 Last updated December 2014[fr]Première version, dernière mise à jour Juin 2015