2.3.2 Are there any specific target species?

Rabies virus variants are typically adapted to specific species, also referred to as reservoir hosts. So far, only certain carnivorous species (e.g., dog, fox, raccoon, raccoon dog, skunk, mongoose, Arctic fox) and bats have been identified as primary reservoirs hosts of lyssaviruses (read more here and in Chapter 10, here).

Within these animal species, viral transmission and perpetuation occurs, although spillover may occur to non-reservoir species. Therefore, the focus should be on the prevailing reservoir host in a given region, with spillover species important, but lower in priority. However, from a public health point of view, surveillance in reservoir host and spillover species can have the same importance as both can play an important role in the transmission of rabies to humans.

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[en]Version 1 Last updated December 2014[fr]Première version, dernière mise à jour Juin 2015