3.7 What precautions should be taken when taking samples?

Personnel involved in surveillance and diagnosis should follow proper procedures to protect themselves and co-workers from rabies virus exposures and take the necessary prophylactic steps to prevent rabies should an exposure occur (for details see The Meslin et al 1996 here).

Wearing gloves when taking samples or removing the head of a rabies suspect animals to be submitted for rabies routine diagnosis and subsequent disinfection of the place is a basic requirement to minimize the chance for potential rabies exposure.

For workers who are regularly involved in rabies surveillance and diagnosis preventive rabies vaccination (pre-exposure vaccination – PrEP) and serological follow-up of the immune status is recommended.

In case an exposure with tissue potentially infected with rabies virus or other material occurs, post-exposure prophylaxis must be initiated without delay (for more information see section 2.2.4.).

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[en]Version 1 Last updated December 2014[fr]Première version, dernière mise à jour Juin 2015